More than 5% of the world’s population – 466 million people (432 million adults and 34 million children) are hearing impaired.
In some, the problem is congenital, in others it appeared later, the symptoms increased gradually and eventually led to the fact that the person fell into “great silence.”
However, today advances in medicine have reached such a level that it has become possible to break the silence, to return some people to the ability to hear.
These advances include cochlear implants. ENT specialist at ACIBADEM Bakırköy Hospital, Dr. Engin akmakchi, explained that this method is applied to patients who have a damaged cochlea in the inner ear, but the sound nerve has not lost its natural qualities. Such people can return hearing, give a full life.
How would you feel if you suddenly lost the ability to hear? Imagine for a moment that there is a roaring river right in front of you, but you do not hear it, as well as the conversations of people standing and discussing the event. You just see how they say something, commenting on the amazing sight. It is also impossible to hear hazard warnings, alarms and any other audible messages. At work, in social life, such people are called “disabled”. But now these people have hope – a cochlear implant. With its help, those with hearing problems will even be able to talk on the phone.
The method is suitable for patients in whom the cochlea in the inner ear has been damaged but the sound nerve has not lost its vitality. To stimulate the nerve, electrodes are used – they are placed in the cochlea.
A cochlear implant consists of two main parts: internal (implantable) and external (wearable). The first includes a radio receiver, a signal decoder and electrodes – they are implanted into the cochlea. Electrodes are the most complex and important component of the implant, they are in direct contact with the auditory nerve.
The outer part of the device is a microphone, microprocessor and radio transmitter that converts sound into electrical impulses.
The implant collects external sounds and transmits them to the auditory nerve through a system of electrodes. The microphone picks up sounds, converts them into electrical signals, which are encoded by the processor. The resulting pulses in the form of radio waves enter the implant, and from there to the electrodes located in the cochlea. The living auditory nerve collects electrical signals, transmits them to the brain, and thus hearing is renewed.
The Cochlear Implant app allows a person to lead a fulfilling lifestyle: communicate on the phone, attend a regular school. Despite the fact that they will remain disabled, the apparatus makes it possible to get higher education, study foreign languages, and play musical instruments. In a word, everything that healthy people have will become available to them.
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